Megan A Sylvester, Dennis P Pollow Jr, Caitlin Moffett, Wendy Nunez, Jennifer L Uhrlaub, Janko Nikolich-Zugich, Heddwen L Brooks

11
Jan 10, 2022
American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
DOI :
10.1152/ajprenal.00369.2021
Article
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Premenopausal females are protected from Angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension following the adoptive transfer of T cells from normotensive donors. For the present study, we hypothesized that the transfer of hypertensive T cells (HT) or splenocytes (HS) from hypertensive donors would eliminate premenopausal protection from hypertension. Premenopausal Rag-1-/- females received either normotensive (NT) or hypertensive cells, three weeks prior to Ang II infusion (14 days, 490 ng/kg/min). Contrary to our hypothesis, no increase in Ang II-induced blood pressure was observed in the NT/Ang or HT/Ang groups. Flow cytometry demonstrated that renal FoxP3+ T regulatory cells were significantly decreased and IHC showed an increase in renal F4/80+ macrophages in HT/Ang, suggesting a shift in the renal inflammatory environment despite no change in blood pressure. Renal mRNA expression of MCP-1, Endothelin-1, GPER-1 were significantly decreased in HT/Ang. The adoptive transfer of hypertensive splenocytes prior to Ang II infusion (HS/Ang) eliminated premenopausal protection from hypertension and significantly decreased splenic FoxP3+ T regulatory cells compared to females receiving normotensive splenocytes (NS/Ang). Expression of MIP-1a/CCL3, a potent macrophage chemokine was elevated in HS/Ang, however no increase in renal macrophage infiltration occurred. Together, these data show that in premenopausal females T cells from hypertensive donors are not sufficient to induce a robust Ang II mediated hypertension, in contrast, transfer of hypertensive splenocytes (consisting of T/B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages) is sufficient. Further work is needed to understand how innate and adaptive immune cells and estrogen signaling coordinate to cause differential hypertensive outcomes in premenopausal females.

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