Zhaowei Chen, Nanditha Anandakrishnan, Ying Xu, Ruogang Zhao

20
Jul 15, 2021
Advanced Science
DOI :
10.1002/advs.202101027
Article show_chart
This work represents the first study to explore the possibility of using compressive buckling‐based fabrication technology to build 3D cell‐laden microstructures from originally 2D planar structures. It is expected that this novel approach will help to significantly expand the utility of the well‐established 2D fabrication techniques and open up new possibilities in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Tissue architecture is a prerequisite for its biological functions. Recapitulating the three‐dimensional (3D) tissue structure represents one of the biggest challenges in tissue engineering. Two‐dimensional (2D) tissue fabrication methods are currently in the main stage for tissue engineering and disease modeling. However, due to their planar nature, the created models only represent very limited out‐of‐plane tissue structure. Here compressive buckling principle is harnessed to create 3D biomimetic cell‐laden microstructures from microfabricated planar patterns. This method allows out‐of‐plane delivery of cells and extracellular matrix patterns with high spatial precision. As a proof of principle, a variety of polymeric 3D miniature structures including a box, an octopus, a pyramid, and continuous waves are fabricated. A mineralized bone tissue model with spatially distributed cell‐laden lacunae structures is fabricated to demonstrate the fabrication power of the method. It is expected that this novel approach will help to significantly expand the utility of the established 2D fabrication techniques for 3D tissue fabrication. Given the widespread of 2D fabrication methods in biomedical research and the high demand for biomimetic 3D structures, this method is expected to bridge the gap between 2D and 3D tissue fabrication and open up new possibilities in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.
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