Hamid Reza Hassanzadeh, May D. Wang

Jul 16, 2021
Frontiers in Big Data
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As a highly sophisticated disease that humanity faces, cancer is known to be associated with dysregulation of cellular mechanisms in different levels, which demands novel paradigms to capture informative features from different omics modalities in an integrated way. Successful stratification of patients with respect to their molecular profiles is a key step in precision medicine and in tailoring personalized treatment for critically ill patients. In this article, we use an integrated deep belief network to differentiate high risk cancer patients from the low risk ones in terms of the overall survival. Our study analyzes RNA, miRNA, and methylation molecular data modalities from both labeled and unlabeled samples to predict cancer survival and subsequently to provide risk stratification. To assess the robustness of our novel integrative analytics, we utilize datasets of three cancer types with 836 patients and show that our approach outperforms the most successful supervised and semi supervised classification techniques applied to the same cancer prediction problems. In addition, despite the preconception that deep learning techniques require large size datasets for proper training, we have illustrated that our model can achieve better results for moderately sized cancer datasets.
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