Kevin Kuo

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Depression, Depression Treatments, and Risk of Incident Dementia: A Prospective Cohort Study of 354,313 Participants.

Liu Yang, Jin-Tai Yu et 18 al.

Sep 5, 2022 in Biological psychiatry
The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between courses of depression, the application of depression treatment, and the risk of incident dementia. In this prospective cohort study, 354,313 participants ages 50-70 years were recruited from the UK Biobank between 2006 and 2010 and were followed until 2020, with a total of 4,212,929 person-years. We initially studied the effect ...

Amlodipine as Adjuvant Treatment to Iron Chelation for Prevention of Cardiac Iron Overload in Thalassemia Patients

Rebecca Leroux, Kevin Hm Kuo et 2 al.

Jun 11, 2015 in
This is a randomized, open label, two arms superiority trial of a representative population of patients with a primary diagnosis of transfusion dependent thalassemia with evidence of moderate cardiac iron overload, defined as an average T2* MRI parameter at the mid inter-ventricular septum between 10 and 20ms.

The BENeFiTS Trial in Beta Thalassemia Intermedia

Sylvia Singer et 11 al.

Jun 9, 2020 in
Beta-thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies are serious inherited blood diseases caused by abnormal or deficiency of beta A chains of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells which delivers oxygen throughout the body. The diseases are characterized by hemolytic anemia, organ damage, and early mortality without treatment. Increases in another type of (normal) hemoglobin, fetal globin (HbF), which is...

Associations of resting heart rate with incident dementia, cognition, and brain structure: a prospective cohort study of UK biobank

Yue-Ting Deng et 14 al.

Oct 5, 2022 in Alzheimer`s Research & Therapy
Resting heart rate (RHR) has been linked with an increased risk of dementia. However, evidence characterizing the associations of RHR with different dementia subtypes and their underlying mechanisms remains sc...

Associations of grip strength, walking pace, and the risk of incident dementia: A prospective cohort study of 340212 participants.

Kevin Kuo, Jin-Tai Yu et 15 al.

Sep 24, 2022 in Alzheimer's & dementia
Grip strength and walking pace have been linked to cognitive dysfunction. Their relationships, however, demand further clarification as the evidence is derived primarily from less-comprehensive investigations. A total of 340212 UK Biobank participants without dementia and cardiovascular diseases at baseline were analyzed. Cox proportional hazard models assessed the longitudinal associations. Over ...

Circulating metabolites associated with incident myocardial infarction and stroke: a prospective cohort study of 90,438 participants.

Yu Guo, Jin‐Tai Yu et 13 al.

Jun 28, 2022 in Journal of neurochemistry
The relevance between circulating metabolites and vascular events remains controversial and comprehensive studies are lacking. We sought to investigate the prospective associations of plasma metabolomics with risks of incident stroke, ischemic stroke (IS), hemorrhagic stroke (HS) and myocardial infarction (MI). Within the UK Biobank cohort, 249 circulating metabolites were measured in 90,438 part...

Embeddings and Attention in Predictive Modeling

Kevin Kuo, Ronald Richman

Apr 8, 2021 in Arxiv
We explore in depth how categorical data can be processed with embeddings in the context of claim severity modeling. We develop several models that range in complexity from simple neural networks to state-of-the-art attention based architectures that utilize embeddings. We illustrate the utility of learned embeddings from neural networks as pretrained features in generalized linear models, and dis...

Post-Stroke Cognitive Impairment: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Management.

Yu-Yuan Huang, Jin-Tai Yu et 9 al.

Feb 9, 2022 in Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD
Stroke, characterized as a neurological deficit of cerebrovascular cause, is very common in older adults. Increasing evidence suggests stroke contributes to the risk and severity of cognitive impairment. People with cognitive impairment following stroke often face with quality-of-life issues and require ongoing support, which have a profound effect on caregivers and society. The high morbidity of ...


Validation of external and internal exposome of the findings associated to cerebral small vessel disease: A Mendelian randomization study.

Xue-Qing Zhang, Jin-Tai Yu et 14 al.

Jan 12, 2022 in Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism
The exposome characterizes all environmental exposures and their impact on a disease. To determine the causally-associated components of the exposome for cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD), we performed mendelian randomization analysis of 5365 exposures on six clinical and subclinical CSVD measures. We found statistically significant evidence (FDR-corrected P < 0.05) that hypertension, high chol...